Though we may hear the term “Diabetes” used frequently, many are still confused about, or not aware of, the large difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetics. Type 1 Diabetes used to be known as “Juvenile or Insulin-Dependent” Diabetes, as it typically surfaces in children and young adults, and is caused by a total lack of Insulin in the body. Type 1 Diabetics actually experience their immune system attacking insulin producing cells, thus resulting in their total lack of insulin. Type 2 Diabetics were formally known as “Adult Onset or Non Insulin-Dependent”, as most Type 2 Diabetics are diagnosed in adulthood. Recently though, more and more children are being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition that either occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or resists the effects of insulin.

One of the greatest differences between the two types, is that Type 1 Diabetes is unavoidable, and Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented, or the onset can be delayed. Type 2 Diabetes can typically be avoided by maintaining a healthy weight, living a healthy lifestyle with healthy food choices, and regular exercise.

Some preliminary symptoms of Diabetes include:

Type 1:

  • Increased thirst
  • Blurred Vision
  • Unexpected Weight Loss
  • Frequent Urination
  • Extreme Hunger
  • Fatigue and Weakness
  • Irritability and Mood Changes

Type 2:

  • Some or all of the symptoms included above
  • Slow healing sores or infections
  • Areas of darkened skin, typically on neck or armpit creases

One of the largest differences between the onset and diagnosis of Diabetes is that Type 1 symptoms become very serious, rather quickly, often landing the patient under medical care due to the medical severity of having high blood sugar. Type 2 Diabetics typically experience a much slower onset, and can potentially go undiagnosed for years.

Treatment of both types of Diabetes also varies, as Type 1 Diabetics require regular insulin injection to allow their body to turn sugar to energy. Type 2 Diabetics are often treated just by adapting healthier lifestyles, complete with healthy eating, regular exercise, and blood sugar monitoring. Some Type 2 Diabetics also use Diabetes medication or insulin monitoring.

If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the symptoms above, it is imperative that you seek medical attention. There is no cure for Type 1 Diabetes and must be medically managed, and Type 2 Diabetes requires medical intervention, but letting either go without consulting a doctor can cause serious health implications. Complication from Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure, and can also lead to heart disease, stroke, and lower extremity amputation. If you are a member of VIP Medical Services, please call Dr. Holt with your symptoms, and he will be happy to advise your next course of action. If you are already Diabetic and looking for a new Primary Care provider, consider making VIP Medical Services your healthcare home! We offer many healthy lifestyle management programs, as well as offer Diabetic education programming. 417-485-4847


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